Where Have All the Women Gone?
Where Have All the Women Gone?
How Apprenticeships Help the IT Industry Attract and Retain Female Talent
For a growing number of women, the tech industry is losing its charm – even though it is one of the highest paying growth industries in America. More than half the US workforce is women, but only 20% of tech jobs are held by women. And, that number continues to decline. How can the IT industry attract and retain female talent?
Why do we have this growing gender gap? A recent smallbiztrends.com infographic offers insight into the question: Where have all the women gone?
Experts believe that women participate in growth industries when career opportunities & personal interests, economic security & advancement, and financial compensation align. Let’s explore, briefly:
- Career Opportunities/Personal Interest:
Several factors prevent women from pursuing a tech career. Eleven-year-old girls, once interested in tech careers, soon lose interest. Experts say lack of female mentors and gender inequality are partially to blame. And, perhaps unintentionally, many tech companies exercise gender bias and foster a culture that fails to encourage women to consider a career in tech.
- Economic Security/Advancement:
NCWIT’s 2016 report on Women in Tech found women are twice as likely to quit their jobs in the high-tech industry. Data suggests that women in the technology industry face more issues of…“ gender inequality compared to the overall population of women in the workforce (and even compared to women who simply work in the technology industry, but who work in non-technical roles such as sales, PR, marketing, and finance, for example).”
- Financial compensation:
Women who pursue high-paying IT jobs earn less than men. In the United States, women in computer, engineering, and science occupations were paid an estimated 79.2% of men’s annual median earnings in 2016.
Apprenticeships – A Solution Armed to Answer Crititcal US Workforce Issues
As discussed in our post The Growing Technological Skills Gap in the Wake of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the global shortage in IT talent has jumped from seventh to second position, with nearly 600,000 IT openings in the US alone. As technological disruption advances, this gap will continue to widen. Yet, given that women today hold a lower share of IT positions than they did in 1980, how can IT companies work to attract and retain female talent to help fill the gap? One approach is to address workforce gender diversity issues and increase the number of women willing, interested, and able to enter the industry.
Apprenticeship programs are built to tackle all issues concerning women’s attraction to the IT industry. Yet, recent studies indicate that US apprenticeship programs, overall, lack diversity. While companies often point to diversity as a goal of the programs, the overall picture shows that women make up a small share of apprentices nationwide (7.3% in 2017). And, sadly, studies also indicate that wage discrimination is bleeding into the white-collar apprenticeship market. Females and African Americans are earning less than their peers, and female apprentices in male-dominated professions (such as IT) are being paid less.
Modernized apprenticeship programs represent a tremendous opportunity for the US to alter years of workforce challenges – challenges that erode our country’s ability to compete globally. We must strive to eradicate inequality in recruitment, compensation, and advancement, and prevent it from bleeding into the US IT apprenticeship model. Apprenticeship programs must maintain race and gender-neutrality. Recruitment, training, and wage progression models must remain consistent for all cohorts. Awareness programs supported by educators, employers, and communities must work together to educate young women on the professional values and opportunities the industry offers in a language that makes these jobs appealing to women.
Apprenticeships Help the IT Industry Attract and Retain Female Talent
In an effort to inspire women to achieve their career aspirations and potential at all levels and disciplines within the IT industry, we have developed The Franklin Apprenticeships IT Academy for Women. Employment and gender gaps can be filled by establishing apprenticeship programs serving women who are:
- Unable to afford secondary education
- Unconventional learners or school leavers
- Stuck in dead-end jobs
- Saddled with college debt, but left with no job prospects
- Re-entering the job market (Returnees, Veterans, etc.)
And, the 4th Industrial Revolution – because it allows for workers with little or no college education –represents new opportunities for all women. This includes the minority, disadvantaged, and low-skilled female jobseekers. Together, we can:
- Educate disadvantaged female cohorts about IT Apprenticeship opportunities
- Make the transition to IT jobs possible for those whom the educational system has failed
- Mentor female cohorts with clear paths to equal upward mobility and equal economic mobility
By focusing on an IT apprenticeship initiative specifically for women, we can build employer awareness of apprenticeship programs to:
- Attract, train, and retain talent
- Address diversity imbalances
- Create a future workforce
- Strengthen the economy
- Preserve and protect our nation’s competitive position
A long time has passed and yet interests have only moved in one direction: down. Let’s bring back the charm for women in IT.
Want to find out more about The Franklin Apprenticeships IT Academy for Women, become part of the movement, or learn about how to launch digital apprenticeships programs in your company? Contact us, here.
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